Barong Design Terms

Our designs are classified into several styles that may or may not conform to a regular form or structure.

Design Styles


Pechera, derived from the Spanish word that means "shirt front," is a statement of plain simplicity with restrained embellishments. A typical pechera design has patterns on the front panel usually in a U, I, V, or diagonal form with or without scattered embellishments on the sleeve and back panels.

Pechera w/ Side Patterns

This is pechera (U or I form only) with a stripe pattern on both sides of the main pattern. We also refer to this style as front raya.


Raya, derived from the Spanish word that means "stripe," is a midway between extremes with moderate embellishments. The patterns in stripes are extended from the front to the sleeves and across the back panel.


Batok, derived from the Filipino word that means "nape," is also a midway between extremes with moderate embellishments. The patterns are extended to the front shoulders and across the upper back.

Batok with Sleeve Patterns

This is a variation of batok style in which the patterns are extended to the upper sleeves.


Scattered, as the name implies, has scattered or sparse embellishments covering all the panels.


This style is any design with a layout that doesn't follow any of our above-mentioned standard design styles. We have at least fifteen variations of this style in our design inventory.

Special Batok

A variation of special style in which the patterns are extended to the upper back.

All-Over Calado

All-Over Calado is a statement of sophistication with uttermost embellishments. Calado, a form of open thread work done by hand, is used to adorn the entirety of either the front panel only (Front All-Over Calado) or all the panels - front, back, and sleeves as well as the collar, placket, and cuffs (All-Over Calado) with scattered, pechera, pechera with side patterns, raya, batok, or special as the base design. 

Design Forms


Ideal for a half-open barong


Ideal for a full-open barong


Ideal for a half-open barong


This is any design form that deviates from any standard form. This is ideal for a half-open or a full-open barong.



These are designs that depict the physical appearance of things. The designs consist mainly of plant patterns that are executed using freeform embroidery. To add emphasis, traditional designs are usually complemented by open interlaced thread work known as calado.


These are geometric abstractions that represent ethnic motifs and patterns indigenous to a community or tribal culture. The designs consist mainly of straight lines and plane shapes (polygons) that are executed using various types of counted-thread embroidery.


These are designs that follow recent ideas in barong embellishment. The designs are usually geometric abstractions that utilize straight lines, plane shapes (polygons), and curved lines and shapes (circles, arcs, spirals) that are executed using freeform embroidery

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