Barong Design Terms

Our designs are classified into several styles that may or may not conform to a regular form or structure.

Design Styles


Pechera, derived from the Spanish word that means "shirt front," is a statement of plain simplicity with restrained embellishments. A typical pechera design, as the name implies, has patterns on the front panel usually in a U, I, or V form with or without scattered embellishments on the sleeve and back panels.

Pechera w/ Side Patterns

This is pechera (U or I form only) with a stripe pattern on both sides of the main pattern. We also refer to this style as front raya.


Raya, derived from the Spanish word that means "stripe," is a midway between extremes with moderate embellishments. The patterns in stripes are extended from the front to the sleeves and across the back panel.


Batok, derived from the Filipino word that means "nape," is also a midway between extremes with moderate embellishments. The patterns are extended to the shoulders, upper back, and upper sleeves.


This is a style that deviates from any standard style. 

All-Over Calado

All-Over Calado is a statement of sophistication with uttermost embellishments. Calado, a form of open thread work done by hand, is used to adorn the entirety of either the front panel only (Front All-Over Calado) or all the panels - front, back, and sleeves as well as the collar, placket, and cuffs (All-Over Calado) with pechera, pechera with side patterns, raya, batok, or special as the base design. This can also be executed without a base design which means there are no embroideries (pure calado only).

Design Forms


Ideal for half-open barongs


Ideal for full-open barongs


Ideal for half-open barongs


Ideal for half-open or full-open barongs



A traditional pattern is usually a representation of reality. Its dominant elements are derived from real objects that are executed using thread works that are not counted. To add emphasis, a traditional design is usually complemented by calado, the open interlaced thread work that is only done by hand.


An ethnic pattern is a representation of ethnic motifs and patterns indigenous to a community or tribal culture. The design is usually a geometric abstraction that consists predominantly of straight lines and plane shapes (polygons) that are executed using what we call ethnic embroidery - various types of counted-thread embroidery.


A modern pattern is a geometric abstraction that utilizes straight lines, plane shapes (polygons), and curved lines and shapes (circles, arcs, spirals) that are executed using thread works that are not counted. A modern design is usually complemented by calado, the open interlaced thread work that is only done by hand.

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