Barong Design Terms

Our designs are classified into several styles that may or may not conform to a regular form or structure.

Design Styles


Pechera, derived from the Spanish word that means "shirt front," is a statement of plain simplicity with restrained embellishments. A typical pechera design, as the name implies, has patterns on the front panel usually in a U, I, or V form with or without scattered embellishments on the sleeve and back panels.

Pechera w/ Side Patterns

This is pechera (U or I form only) with a stripe pattern on both sides of the main pattern. We also refer to this style as front raya.


Raya, derived from the Spanish word that means "stripe," is a midway between extremes with moderate embellishments. The patterns in stripes are extended from the front to the sleeves and across the back panel.


Batok, derived from the Filipino word that means "nape," is also a midway between extremes with moderate embellishments. The patterns are extended to the shoulders, upper back, and upper sleeves.


This is any style that deviates from the first four (4) standard styles. 

All-Over Calado

All-Over Calado is a statement of sophistication with uttermost embellishments. Calado, a form of open thread work done by hand, is used to adorn the entirety of either the front panel only (Front All-Over Calado) or all the panels - front, back, and sleeves as well as the collar, placket, and cuffs (All-Over Calado) with pechera, pechera with side patterns, raya, batok, or special as the base design. 

Design Forms


Ideal for a half-open barong


Ideal for a full-open barong


Ideal for a half-open barong


This is any design form that deviates from any standard form. This is ideal for a half-open or a full-open barong.



These are designs that depict the physical appearance of things. The designs consist mainly of plant patterns that are executed using freeform embroidery. To add emphasis, traditional designs are usually complemented by open interlaced thread work known as calado.


These are geometric abstractions that represent ethnic motifs and patterns indigenous to a community or tribal culture. The designs consist mainly of straight lines and plane shapes (polygons) that are executed using various types of counted-thread embroidery.


These are designs that follow recent ideas in barong embellishment. The designs are usually geometric abstractions that utilize straight lines, plane shapes (polygons), and curved lines and shapes (circles, arcs, spirals) that are executed using freeform embroidery

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